Are you planning to remodel your basement? Will you be refurbishing your underground space? Carrying out any kind of renovation can be quite a challenge. It is expensive. Also, if not planned and strategized properly, it will not only end up being a waste of money but also not meet your requirements of a finished basement.
In this blog, we will discuss some ways to efficiently build or finish a basement wall.
Begin by resolving all moisture issues
Before you can embark on building any wall, you need to make sure that your basement does not suffer from any water-related issues. All basement walls are damp on humid summer days. So, if yours are too, there is no cause for worry. However, if you are facing issues with leaking or standing water during heavy rains or Spring, there is work to be done.
Remedying moisture issues tend to be simple. It can be accomplished by repairing or adding downspouts and gutters. You could also adjust the grade and re-direct run-off water away from your house. Having said that, severe water problems may require exterior or interior drain tiling. It may also necessitate exterior waterproofing. You might have to tear up a part of the slab or dig around the house.
Remember - if you do not solve your moisture issues completely, it will only lead to inevitable expensive repair work at a later stage.
Insulate the basement walls
To begin with, glue 3-4 inch extruded polystyrene foam insulation to fit against the foundation walls and the rim joists. Depending on the manufacturer, the foam could be blue, yellow or pink.
Do not use expanded foam insulation - the one that has little white beads pressed together. It has a lower R-value and is not durable.
Mark the foam by drawing chalk lines. Then, cut it with a utility knife as deep as the blade will allow. Snap the sheet in the same way as you would cut drywall.
Make sure that you cut around obstructions. Ensure a tight fit by filling up the spaces with foam chunks wherever it is needed. Press the sheets in place by applying about a quarter of an inch of adhesive on the masonry walls.
Frame the wall
Contrary to popular belief, framing a basement wall is not a daunting task. In fact, besides know-how, all you may require are a stack of 2X4 inch boards.
Plan the layout. Double check all your measurements. Make sure that the locations of any openings or doorways are clearly marked.
Install the bottom plates. Lay pressure treated boards along the chalk line. Drill a hole into the concrete floor through the wood using a hammer drill with a masonry bit. Drive a Tapcon screw into the floor through the wood using an impact driver.
Installation of the top plates depends upon the direction in which the bottom plates run in relation to the floor joists. Before blocking or nailing to the joists, the bottom plate and the top plate have to be perfectly aligned with each other.
Using a tape measure, mark out the locations of the studs along the wall. Then, transfer the locations to the top plates using a laser level or a plumb bob.
Measure and cut boards to fit them between the top and bottom plates. The studs go between the plates. Ensure that they are plumb. Nail them to the bottom and the top plates.
If you are looking to remodel your basement, we highly recommend that you follow the aforementioned steps in order to finish your basement wall.